Researchers looked at 316 professional esports players in the top 40% of players that were over 18. These players were competing in games such as Overwatch, Counter-Strike: Global Offensive, Rainbow Six: Siege, DotA 2, and League of Legends. This study, published in Frontiers in Psychology, was one of the first to investigate mental toughness, stress and coping in high-performing esports athletes.
“A disposition considered to be influential in sporting success is mental toughness and it appears to be important for success in esports. To be a millionaire esports gamer you deal with stress similar as if you are getting ready to go to the Olympics,” said lead researcher Dylan Poulus from the Queensland University of Technology.
Esports players with higher ranks have higher levels of mental toughness
The study showed that there’s an overlap between the mental toughness and stress-coping processes in traditional sports and competitive esports athletes. Competitive esports athletes appear to cope with stressors similarly to high-performing sports athletes. The study identified some of the mental skills required for optimal performance among gamers, including high levels of mental toughness, emotional control, and life control.
“Similar to traditional sports athletes, esports athletes with higher mental toughness employed more problem-focused coping strategies which aided in their success,” Poulus said.
Sports psychology interventions are useful for both traditional and esports competitors
The results also showed that esports athletes with high mental toughness employed emotion-focused coping strategies like acceptance coping.
“Accepting the elements of their game that are beyond their control could lead to better performance. Everything we see in sports psychology interventions that work with traditional sports is likely going to work with esports athletes,” Poulus said.
Elite cyclists are undeniably superior when it comes to physical toughness, but this study shows that when it comes to the mental game, esports athletes at the highest level are pretty tough too.